Hiking to Wilson Peak via Pinyon Ridge in Anza Borrego


Anza Borrego Desert State Park: Hiking Wilson Peak via Pinyon Ridge

Date Hiked: April 22, 2011
Best Season: Spring Winter
Check Trail Conditions: Anza Borrego Desert State Park (760) 767-5311
  • Distance: 9.31 miles round-trip
  • Elevation Gain: 528 feet
  • Route Type: Out-and-Back
  • Trail Type: Dirt
  • Difficulty: Strenuous

One of the things we love about California is the diversity of the natural environment. Having beaches, mountains, forests and desert within a couple hours of each other is something few other regions of the world can claim.  Many people dismiss the desert as dry and barren and ugly, but that is only if you are not paying attention, or only know it by driving through it at 80 miles per hour in the middle of the summer.  But if you take your time, visit during the cooler months, and look a little closer, the desert is very beautiful.


Ugly desert? Not to me!

One of our favorite places to enjoy the desert is Anza Borrego Desert State Park.  It was our first camping trip together, and we recently visited again with some friends who hadn’t been there before.  We planned to re-hike Palm Canyon (the most popular hike in the park) with our friends that Saturday, but we left early enough on Friday to get in a good hike that first day.  Having done a series of shorter hikes on our previous visit (Pictographs to Smuggler’s Canyon, Morteros, and Yaqui Well), and having already mastered Palm Canyon, we were looking for something with a little more mileage and challenge this time around.

We had settled on the Wilson Peak Trail, just inside the park off  Montezuma Valley Road (S3).  From Hwy 79 and Warner Springs, it is about 15 miles to the Culp Valley Road turnoff.  It can also be found in reverse about 8 miles from the park headquarters.  The road is fairly easy to miss if you’re not looking for it, with just a small signpost on the south side of a downward (from the west) curve.  The road itself isn’t particularly visible, either, immediately descending off to the right from the paved Montezuma Valley Road.


The little sign at the turnoff to Culp Valley Road off Montezuma Valley Road.


The dirt road that drops down off to the south from Montezuma Valley Road.

Some of the guides we read ahead of time claimed a four wheel drive was necessary to get to the Wilson trailhead, but at least this year, any vehicle with good tires and decent clearance could make it–though you may not want to if your vehicle is any wider than an XTerra or Jeep and you value its paint job, as there were several stretches where having dry thorny plants scrape one or both sides was pretty much unavoidable.  I clocked the trailhead at about 3 miles from the main road, and while I definitely made it in my XTerra, it did remind us why we’d like to make our next truck a four wheel drive, just so we don’t have to sweat roads like this in the future.


A look at the narrow dirt road to the trail head.

The trailhead “parking area” was little more than a loop around a juniper tree with a little trailhead marker that is hard to see from the main road.  If you miss it, you should see the marker for “the Slab” just 1/10 of a mile past the Wilson Trail, and know you went too far.


Parking loop around the juniper tree.


Wilson Peak trailhead signpost.

Once you find the ring-around-the-juniper parking loop, the trailhead is impossible to miss.  The path goes almost due south from the trailhead, but at about 2/3 of a mile begins heading more east than south.  Don’t be fooled by the ridge you see to the east, by the way.  We almost immediately picked out what we thought was the peak we were heading for, but that first ridge you see is blocking the view of the ridge you are actually climbing, and as you can see from the elevation profile, there is a bit of a descent and another climb before you get there, but it isn’t too bad.


Early stretch of the trail is already single track here.


Some of the great colors along the trail.


That's the ridge you're headed for, but not the ridge you're looking for!

This year was a wet year, but by mid-April, the Anza Borrego Desert State Park website was already warning that the wildflower bloom was mostly over already on the valley floor, so we were pessimistic that we would see many flowers on our hike, but we were happily surprised to be wrong.  The 4,000 foot elevation trailhead probably had something to do with it (not quite as hot as the valley floor), but the variety and quantity of flowers we saw on our hike was awesome.  We also saw a mess of big ol’ horny toads (officially flat tailed horned lizards, I believe…) along the trail, which was very cool for an amateur herpetologist like myself.


Purples, yellows, and greens abound!


Hard to convey how golden the ground cover was here--even covering the trail. We thought it reminded us of the streets paved with gold...


One of the many horned lizards we saw scampering along the trail. Very cool.

The trail follows an old truck trail, and it was interesting to see how in some areas you could clearly see the full width of the original trail, in some areas you could still see two distinct tire tracks, and in other areas, it looked like a narrow single-track trail that could never have supported a motor vehicle.  But it was very easy to follow, and up until the end, it was nearly impossible to get lost.


One of the wider stretches of trail with great rock formations in the background.


A section where the old road has nearly completely been overgrown.


Another narrow, overgrown stretch of trail, but still easy to follow.


A stretch after the single track section where two distinct tire tracks still exist.

Like most trails in Anza Borrego, the trail also takes you past some great rock formations, some natural, some not so much…


Cool natural rock formation.


More cool natural rock formations.


Unnatural rock formation!

At about the 4 mile mark, we came to a large wooden pole propped up by some rocks and concrete.  Apparently it falls down regularly, but even laying down, it should be pretty obvious.  From there, the trail narrows to a single track and goes fairly steeply through some heavy brush and manzanita trees before leveling out on a saddle right below Wilson Peak.


The relatively random wood post near the end of the trail.


Shortly after the pole, the trail narrows for good and heads uphill through shrubs and even some pine trees.


The trail levels out at the top, as you walk between Wilson Peak to the left, and this rocky formation on the left (which is just barely lower than the peak).

In this level section, Wilson Peak looks like little more than a low hill to the right, which we didn’t even bother trying to summit, though we regretted not doing it later, just so we could have “bagged the peak.”  But the guide we were using suggested trying to get to some rocks on the northeast ridge, which apparently give a much better view of the Anza Borrego Park valley and the Salton Sea.  The trail essentially disappears here, leaving you to find your own path to your own rock viewpoints.  If you look at the map below, you can see we walked past the peak before coming back to look for the perfect rock to chill on and enjoy the view, picking our way amongst the low brush and then boulder hopping on the edge of the ridge before finding one that suited us.


Up on the plateau between the peaks, with a trail that is about to disappear.


Trail is officially gone. At this point we headed east towards the rock outcroppings that overlook the valley.


Walking through the grasses and rocks to the edge of the ridge.


Still looking for the right rock to sit on.


Now we're getting somewhere--these look like some good sittin' rocks!

After enjoying the view that included the Salton Sea, Whale Peak, Palm Canyon Campground (where we were staying) and even Mt. San Jacinto in the distance, we picked a path back through the brush to the main trail and headed back to the truck.  It was Spring Break week and Good Friday, but even though we saw some reasonably fresh footprints, we never saw a single other person on the trail, which we both appreciated greatly.


Headed back. Same trail, but the afternoon sun brought out more great colors.

Later in the season, after the flowers are gone, this might be a boring and extremely hot hike, with a viewpoint payoff at the end that probably really wouldn’t be worth it, but on a day that never got above the 70’s, with a great variety of wildflowers, it was a hike we will always remember fondly.

View Pinyon Ridge via Wilson Peak Trail in Anza Borrego Desert State Park in a larger map

Wilson Peak Trail Elevation Profile--Anza Borrego State Park

Wilson Peak Trail Elevation Profile (click through for larger view).


  1. ADKinLA says

    Nice trip report Jeff! Really dig the pics!

    I have only hiked in the desert and in particular the Anza once and it didn’t go so well for me (damn cacti) but in reading your report, I have to wonder whether the Anza and the Sierra Club that allegedly maintains it shouldn’t just try and mark out these trails a little bit better? Were there cairns on your trail or did you just follow the truck path until it petered out? Not everything has to be handed to us on a wooden sign but that desert seems in desperate need of better markings/trails.

    • says

      Thanks for the kind words!  

      On this particular hike, the trailhead was reasonably well marked (if you got the right pullout), and it was nearly impossible to get lost, as the road was pretty clear all the way up to the saddle adjacent to the peak, where it really did pretty much just end.The other Anza Borrego hikes we linked were all pretty easy to follow as well.  Palm Canyon (the lower half, at least) and Yaqui Well were both very well marked and even had interpretive brochures and signposts, while Pictographs was another one that you head up the obvious trail until it just dead ends.  Upper half of Palm Canyon (above the Palms) was definitely a “pick your own adventure” trail, but as long as you kept heading upstream, you can’t help but stay in the canyon and it is essentially impossible to get lost (though you may have a few false starts and stops as short pieces of trail prove impassible and you have to search for an alternative).We always consult as many write-ups as possible before we go (usually Trails.com and a minimum of one other blogger write-up), and usually print out at least the one best guide, if not two, and we download maps to the GPS ahead of time, so we’re rarely too surprised when the trail isn’t as clear as you’d want.  But yeah, we hate getting lost, too, and waver between being pleased to have some good signage along the way to keep us on track, and being over-managed with mileposts, interpretive signs, and rails that take away from the wilderness of it all.

  2. James says

    I was really excited to find your link, as this was exactly the trail that I was looking for, and yours was a perfect trip report! Thanks for this – the writing, the photos, and the videos too. Much appreciated!

    I am off to run this tomorrow, before a bike ride around Anza-Borrego and a well-deserved burrito at Jilberto’s.

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